What is Dyslexia?

What is Dyslexia?           


Dyslexia is when a student is displaying adequate intelligence but is having trouble with reading and spelling. The student may be a student with dyslexia.


The following are the primary reading/spelling characteristics of dyslexia:

  • Difficulty reading real words in isolation
  • Difficulty accurately decoding nonsense words
  • Slow, inaccurate, or labored oral reading (lack reading fluency)
  • Difficulty with learning to spell


The reading/spelling characteristics are the result of difficulty with the following:

  • The development of phonological awareness, including segmenting, blending, and manipulating sounds in words
  • Learning the names of letters and their associated sounds
  • Phonological memory (holding information about sounds and words memory)
  • Rapid naming of familiar objects, colors, or letters of the alphabet


The Dyslexia handbook procedures Concerning Dyslexia and Related Disorders; Texas Education Agency – Revised 2007, updated 2010

 Helpful Websites:



Overcoming Dyslexia

by Sally Shaywitz, M.D.

Vintage Books a Division of Random House

Basic Facts About Dyslexia & Other Reading Problems

by Louisa Cook Moats & Karen E. Dakin

The International Dyslexia Association



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